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Nintendo Entertainment System / Famicom (NTSC) - MAME machine

33478
nes
Nintendo Entertainment System / Famicom (NTSC)
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GAME SYSTEM CHD BIOS DEVICE PARENT CLONE MECHANICAL SCREENLESS

Main data
Romset and name:
nes Nintendo Entertainment System / Famicom (NTSC)
Manufacturer:
Nintendo
Year:
Genre:
Game Console
Category:
Game Console / Home Videogame
Serie:
-
Driver source:
Language:
-
Similar games:
Input / Controls
Players:
Up to 2 players
Input:
Joystick 8 ways
Buttons / keys:
Coins:
0
Cabinet:
-
Free-play:
Not supported
Rankings
Avarage user rating:
AntoPISA BestGame:
-
MASH All-Time:
-
Video
Display:
256x240@60.0988 Hz, CRT 15kHz
Orientation:
Horizontal
Scrolling:
Unknown
Colors:
-
CPU:
Ricoh N2A03
Audio
Sound:
Audio chips:
N2A03 APU, Ricoh N2A03, Speaker
Romset
First release:
Mess 0.1 released on jun-03 1998
Last release:
Mame 0.209 released on apr-24 2019
Clone of:
-
Clones:
Bios:
Not required
Use rom of:
-
Use sample of:
-
Previous romset:
None
New romset:
None
Files
Dump:
-
Required files:
-
Romset:
-
Status
OVERALL:
IMPERFECT
Emulation:
Good
Graphic:
Imperfect
Color:
Good
Sound:
Good
Cocktail:
Good
Protection:
Good
Save state:
Supported
Additional infos
  • History
  • Info
  • Score
  • PCB
  • Commands
  • Init
  • Driver
  • XML
  • A 35-year-old Console

    Family Computer [FAMICOM] © 1983 Nintendo Co., Ltd.

    Japanese 8-Bit video game console by Nintendo.

    TECHNICAL
    The FAMICOM was predominantly white plastic, with dark red trim. It featured a top-loading cartridge slot and grooves on both sides of the deck in which the hardwired game controllers could be placed when not in use. The FAMICOM featured a top-loading cartridge slot, a 15-pin expansion port located on the unit's front panel for accessories (as the controllers were hard-wired to the back of the console) and a red and white color scheme.

    Included parts:
    Family Computer [FAMICOM] [Model HVC-001]
    AC/DC Power Adapter [Model HVC-002]
    RF Switch [Model HVC-003]

    TRIVIA
    Following a series of arcade game successes in the early 1980s, Nintendo made plans to create a cartridge-based console called the Family Computer. Original plans called for an advanced 16-bit system which would function as a full-fledged computer with a keyboard and floppy disk drive, but Nintendo president rejected this and instead decided to go for a cheaper, more conventional cartridge-based game console as he felt that features such as keyboards and disks were intimidating to non-technophiles. A test model was constructed in October 1982 to verify the functionality of the hardware, after which work began on programming tools. Because 65xx CPUs had not been manufactured or sold in Japan up to that time, no cross-development software was available and it had to be produced from scratch. Early FAMICOM games were written on a system that ran on an NEC PC-8001 computer and LEDs on a grid were used with a digitizer to design graphics as no software design tools for this purpose existed at that time.

    The code name for the project was 'GameCom', but Masayuki Uemura's wife proposed the name FAMICOM, arguing that "In Japan, 'pasokon' is used to mean a personal computer, but it is neither a home or personal computer. Perhaps we could say it is a family computer." Meanwhile, Nintendo président decided that the console should use a red and white theme after seeing a billboard for DX Antenna which used those colors.

    Original plans called for the FAMICOM's cartridges to be the size of a cassette tape, but ultimately they ended up being twice as big. Careful design attention was paid to the cartridge connectors since loose and faulty connections often plagued arcade machines. As it necessitated taking 60 connection lines for the memory and expansion, Nintendo decided to produce their own connectors in-house rather than use ones from an outside supplier.

    The game pad controllers were more-or-less copied directly from the Game & Watch machines, although the FAMICOM design team originally wanted to use arcade-style joysticks, even taking apart ones from American game consoles to see how they worked. However, it was eventually decided that children might step on joysticks left on the floor and their durability was also questioned. Katsuyah Nakawaka attached a Game & Watch D-pad to the Famicom prototype and found that it was easy to use and had no discomfort. Ultimately though, they did install a 15-pin expansion port on the front of the console so that an arcade-style joystick could be used optionally. The controllers were hard-wired to the console with no connectors for cost reasons.

    The FAMICOM was released on July 15, 1983 in Japan for 14800 yen alongside three ports of Nintendo's successful arcade games Donkey Kong, Donkey Kong Jr. and Popeye.

    Official Accessories:
    [JP] Light Gun [Model HVC-005]
    [JP] Family Basic Keyboard [Model HVC-007]
    [JP] Data Recorder [Model HVC-008]
    [JP] R.O.B. the Robot [Model HVC-012]
    [JP] Famicom 3D System [Model HVC-031]
    [JP] Network System [Model HVC-050]
    [JP] Controller (Redesigned) [Model HVC-102]

    Add-On releases:
    [JP] "Family Computer Disk System [Model HVC-022]"

    Export releases:
    [US] [EU] "Nintendo Entertainment System [NES] [Model NES-001]"

    SERIES
    • Family Computer [FAMICOM] [Model HVC-001] (1983)
    • Super Famicom [Model SHVC-001] (1990)
    • Nintendo 64 (1996)
    • Nintendo GameCube (2001)
    • Nintendo Wii (2006)
    • Nintendo Wii U (2012)

    STAFF
    System designed by: Masayuki Uemura

    CONTRIBUTE
    Edit this entry: https://www.arcade-history.com/?&page=detail&id=82113&o=2
    Informations provided by © Alexis Bousiges
    Informations provided by Contribute to the translation
  • Informations provided by
    Informations provided by / © Copyright of Fujix
  • Informations provided by
  • Informations provided by
  • Informations provided by Fabricio Coroquer, revisited from the work of
  • Informations provided by Contribute
  • Informations provided by
  • Informations provided by
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If you notice any inaccuracy or error, please report

Data updated on april 25 2019


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Romset:
nes
Title:
Nintendo Entertainment System / Famicom (NTSC)
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